A simple form of learning involving the formation, strengthening, or weakening of an association between a stimulus and a response.  Also known as Classic Conditioning.

We have known about conditioning for a long time. Have you heard of Pavlov's dog? This was an experiment carried out by a Russian researcher called Pavlov in the early 20th century. Each day he presented the dog with food and observed that it would cause it to salivate, ready to eat. He then began to sound a bell each time he fed it. He did this consistently and repeatedly many times, until one day he sounded the or bell, and did not feed the dog. Despite there being no food, the dog still salivated. The stimulus, the bell, resulted in the response, the salivation, even though no food was presented. This is how conditioning works. A stimulus is used to elicit a response, by associating it with another response. Once conditioning is complete, the response becomes involuntary and the dog cannot stop itself from salivating.

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