There are a number of different kinds of bodywork, including
Sports, which involve developing or building parts of the body for some particular performance
Body building, for developing muscular strength and endurance
Martial arts, where you learning traditional Asian hand fighting skills
Yoga, Feldenkrais, Tai Chi and others which consist of static or slow moving posture based exercises. You've probably heard of Yoga and Tai Chi. Feldenkrais is a lesser known discipline with similar goals to Yoga.